Psychological trauma is damage that occurs to a person’s psyche as the result of a traumatic event. A traumatic event can be a single experience or one that consists of repeated events that overwhelm someone beyond his or her means of coping. However, the actual effects of the trauma may be delayed for years before a person actually experiences the symptoms.
Psychological Trauma may be the result of exposure to natural disasters, war, abuse, rape, assault, death, or any situation which is beyond the scope of normal, everyday experience.
In many cases, psychological trauma occurs when there is some sort of physical trauma involved. But, it is important to understand that people perceive and experience things differently. Not all people who experience trauma cope the same way, and, so, it is important to know the symptoms of abnormal coping so that proper help can be sought.
The symptoms of psychological trauma may include:
• A person may re-experience the trauma through flashbacks.
• Intense feelings of anger may come about.
• A person may experience blockages in their memory surrounding the event.
• A person may feel emotionally exhausted.
• A feeling of permanent damage may come about. A person may feel that they are damaged beyond repair.
• Dissociating from painful emotion by numbing of all emotion.
• A person may experience insomnia.
These are some of the symptoms that an individual may experience when exposed to trauma. Since people cope with trauma differently, they may experience these symptoms or other symptoms such as mood swings and depression.
It is important to seek out a licensed mental health professional to work through emotional problems resulting from traumatic exposure. Psychotherapy can be extremely helpful in helping individuals work through the pain associated with traumatic exposure; sometimes, prescribed medications can assist the healing process. Often times, a combination approach produces the most lasting, effective results.